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Outcome-based Education (OBE)

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The implementation of Outcome-Based Education has started at UniMAP in 2006, albeit with minimum understanding of the concept.  However, it provided the University with the necessary foundation on which the Continual Quality Improvements (CQI) can be implemented upon.
 
The overall CQI process, university wide changes and updates, have been implemented a few times, the major ones being in 2010 and recently in 2011.  These major changes were implemented largely to fulfil the accreditation requirements by the Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) through Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC).
 
The implementation of OBE at the School of Mechatronic Engineering covers all aspects of OBE, namely:
+ Planning
+ Implementation
+ Assessments / Evaluations
+ Continual Quality Improvement (CQI)
 
The OBE implementation at the School of Mechatronic Engineering UniMAP covers from the bottom (course level) right up to the programme level as shown by the process flow in Figure 1.
 
 
 
Figure 1: OBE implementation flow showing the evaluation Process for Programme Objectives, Programme Outcomes and Course Outcomes
 
 
Programme Educational Outcomes (PEO):
Programme Educational Objectives are broad statements that describe the career and professional accomplishments that the programme is preparing graduates to achieve.
 
Programme Outcomes (PO):
Programme Outcomes are narrower statements that describe what students are expected to know and be able to do by the time of graduation. These relate to the skills, knowledge, and behaviours that students acquire in their matriculation through the program.
 
Course Outcomes (CO)
The definition used for the course Outcomes are narrower statements made of Performance Criteria which describe what students are expected to know and be able to do at the end of the course.
 
 
 
PEO statements for the Mechatronic, Mechanical and Biomedical Electronic Engineering Programmes, and associated list of indicators for its evaluation measurement.
 
No
PEO Statement
Indicators
PEO1
  • Graduates who effectively demonstrate engineering knowledge and entrepreneurial skills by providing practical solutions.
  • Percentage of graduates who are engineers in Mechatronic Engineering field.
  • Percentage of graduates who are engineers in other engineering fields.
  • Percentage of graduates who are involved in entrepreneurial activities
  • Percentage of graduates who are working as consultants/working with consultation firms.
  • Feedback from graduates/employers/ industry.
PEO2
  • Graduates who effectively demonstrate professionalism in multi-disciplinary engineering environment, leadership quality and teamwork.
  • Percentage of graduates who are working with multinational companies/government agencies/universities.
  • Feedback from graduates/employers/industry.
PEO3
  • Graduates who make contributions to knowledge and establish best engineering practice through research and development.
  • Percentage of graduates who are involved in research and development.
  • Percentage of graduates who pursue post graduate studies.
  • Percentage of graduates who publish scholarly articles.
  • Feedback from graduates/employers / industry
PEO4
  • Graduates who demonstrate an ethical commitment to the community and the profession through involvement with professional organizations and society.
  • Percentage of graduates who are registered with BEM/IEM or other professional bodies
  • Percentage of graduates who are members of NGOs and other societies.
  • Feedback from graduates/employers
PEO5
  • Graduates who engage in life-long learning as demonstrated through career advancement.
  • Percentage of graduates who posses professional certificate/masters/PhD degree.
  • Percentage of graduates who participate in continual professional development (CPD) activities (workshops/seminars/training/short-course)
  • Feedback from graduates/employers/industry.
  • Track record of employment /positions held.
 
 
 
Programe Outcomes (PO) for the Mechatronic, Mechanical and Biomedical Electronic Engineering Programmes and Evaluation Method
 
No
Programme Outcomes (PO)
Assessment Methods
1
Ability to acquire and apply knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering and an in-depth technical competence in mechatronic engineering discipline.
  • Examination
  • Test
  • Assignment
  • Final Year Project (FYP)
2
Ability to identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.
 
  • Assignment Design
  • Project Proposal of FYP
  • PBL
  • FYP
3
Ability to design a system, component or process to meet desired needs.
 
 
  • Examination
  • Laboratory work
  • PBL
  • FYP
  • Group/Individual work
 
 
4
Ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data.
 
  • Laboratory work
  • PBL
  • FYP
  • Group/Individual work
 
5
Ability to use techniques, skills and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practices so as to be easily adaptable to industrial needs.
 
  • Laboratory work
  • PBL
  • FYP
  • Group/Individual work
 
6
Understanding of the social, cultural, global and environmental responsibilities of a professional engineer.
 
  • PBL (FYP)
  • Case study (Engineers in Society)
  • Examination (Engineers in Society)
  • FYP
  • Group/Individual work
7
In-depth understanding of entrepreneurship, the process of innovation and the need for sustainable development.
 
  • PBL (FYP)
  • Case study (Eng in Society)
  • Case study (Engineering Entrepreneurship)
  • FYP
  • Group/Individual work
 
8
Understanding of professional and ethical responsibilities and commitment to the community.
 
  • PBL (FYP)
  • Case study (Eng in Society)
  • Self evaluation
  • Lecturer evaluation
  • Survey (Industrial Training)
  • Group/Individual work
9
Ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams.
 
  • Peer evaluation
  • Lecturer evaluation
  • FYP (individual work)
  • Group/Individual work
10
Ability to communicate effectively.
 
  • PBL
  • Viva
  • Reports
  • Peer evaluation
  • Lecturer evaluation
  • FYP
  • Presentation
  • Group/Individual work
 
11
A recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.
 
 
  • PBL (FYP)
  • Reports
  • Lecturer evaluation
  • FYP
  • Survey (Industrial Training)
  • Log Book (Industrial Training)
  • Group/Individual work
12
Demonstrate understanding of project management and finance principles
 
 
  • PBL
  • Report
  • Viva
  • Lecturer evaluation
  • FYP
  • Case Study (Eng. In Society)
  • Group/Individual work
 
 
 
Programme Outcomes (PO) evaluations for all engineering programmes at the School of Mechatronic Engineering
 
No
Courses
Mechatronic Engineering Programme Outcomes (PO)
PO
1
PO
2
PO
3
PO
4
PO
5
PO
6
PO
7
PO
8
PO
9
PO
10
PO
11
PO
12
1
Engineering Entrepreneurship
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
Embedded System
Design &  Applications
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
Robotics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
Machine Vision Systems
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
Modern Control Engineering
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
Industrial Training
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7
Engineers in Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
Mechatronic
Systems Design
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
Automation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
Final Year Project
 
 
 
No
Courses
Mechanical Engineering Programme Outcomes (PO)
PO
1
PO
2
PO
3
PO
4
PO
5
PO
6
PO
7
PO
8
PO
9
PO
10
PO
11
PO
12
1
Principles of  Heat Transfer
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
Mechanical Components Design
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
Vibration Mechanics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
Mechanical System Design
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
Management,  Production  & Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
Final Year Project I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7
Final Year Project II
 
8
Industrial Training
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
Engineering Entrepreneurship
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
Engineers in Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
No
Courses
Biomedical Electronic Engineering Programme Outcomes (PO)
PO
1
PO
2
PO
3
PO
4
PO
5
PO
6
PO
7
PO
8
PO
9
PO
10
PO
11
PO
12
1
Engineering Entrepreneurship
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
Engineers in Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
Engineering Management
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
Biomechanics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
Artificial Organs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
Medical Signal Processing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7
Medical Electronics & Bioinstrumentation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
Bioelectrical Instrumentation Design
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
Industrial Training
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
Final Year Project
 
 
 
 
To find out more about research on the campus in detail you can visit us in ResearchGate (URL: https://www.researchgate.net/plugins. DepartmentPluginConfig. html?institutionKey=Universiti_ Malaysia_Perlis&departmentKey= School_of_Mechatronic_Engineering)
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School of Mechatronic Engineering
Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)
Kampus Pauh Putra
02600 Arau, Perlis
MALAYSIA
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